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Historical Introduction

 

The first mention of Korzuns (apparently, originally it was a nickname meaning "gap-toothed") refers to the second half of the XIV century. This time is characterized by civil wars throughout Eurasia. The Hundred Years War in France, the final stage of the Reconquista in Spain, the so-called "Velikaya Zamyatnya" (Great Troubles) in the Golden Horde / in Russia.

The only large, centralized state in Europe for decades was the Kingdom of Poland, gradually, by concluding treaties (Unions), united with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Russian and Samogait.

The Russian people before the rise of Moscow under Knyaz (Prince) Dmitry Donskoy was split into 2 States the Horde and Lithuania.

 

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Dmitry Donskoy

 

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Russia in 1453, with independent Moscow State and Novgorod Republic

 

"Velikaya Zamyatnya" and the subsequent collapse of the Golden Horde lasted for several decades. Khans replaced (deposed) each other more often than once a year. The defeated khans and beks went with their hordes to the West to serve the Lithuanian Knyaz (Prince) or the Polish King; later, with the rise of Moscow, the Moscow Grand Duke. Poland pursued a wise Imperial policy: Tatar Khans and Beks were attached to the existing Polish coats of arms. Having received the same rights that the Poles and their nobles had, the Tatars quickly became related with the Poles and Russians. It is known that Elena Glinskaya, the mother of Ivan IV, came from a Lithuanian szlachta (nobility) family, in which there was a legend about their origin from Khan Mamai.

Khan Tokhtamysh, having been defeated by Tamerlane, went to the Crimea. Later, Tamerlane ousted him from the Crimea to the Bratslav region belonging to Lithuania (present-day Kherson region). Tokhtamysh was a genghisite (unlike Mamai), that is, a descendant of the great Genghis Khan, through his eldest son Jochi, the founder of the Golden Horde. Many believe that Jochi was not the natural son of Genghis Khan; he was the son of his first and main wife Borte, who, according to the "The Secret History of the Mongols", was at one time a concubine of merkit Chilgir-Boko.

 

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Monument to Genghis Khan in Mongolia, 40 meters high

 

Below is the translated from the Polish fragment of the book of Polish archivist S. Dziadulewicz. This book is a collection of genealogical facts about the families of the Polish-Tatar nobility. My notes are in italics (Oleg K.).

 

 

 

 

 

Herbarz rodzin tatarskich w Polsce

Stanislaw Dziadulewicz

Wilno, 1929

(about Korzun family: p.p. 413-414)

 

Korzuns, belonging to the coat of arms of the Sea Cat with an addition, nicknamed Strykienicz, (coat of arms of the Sea Cat with an addition of a torn arrow). The addition of the arrow apparently "cloned" the ancient Polish coat of arms, that Korzun family joined, resulting in a separate coat of arms of Korzuns.

 

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Ancient (1469) image of Sea Cat (Germ. Meerkatze i.e. sailors' pet monkey-marmoset);

over time, the monkey turned into a cat.

 

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Coat of arms Sea Cat,

one of the 48 coats of arms of the Union of Horodlo

 

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Sea Cat with an addition

 

The family name Korzun is of Turkish or Turanian origin.

Turan is an Iranian word meaning the Central Asia lands where the Turkic people live. Poles used this term on a par with the term of Russian origin "Tatars". All szlachta (Polish nobility) surnames are divided into Polish, Russian, Tatar, Karaite, maybe some other.

 

Since ancient times, the family has settled in the Kiev region and Bratslav region. Judging by the mention of the Bratslav region, the Turks had nothing to do with it, because only the Tatars who remained in the Crimea were associated with the Ottoman Turks.

 

King Wladyslaw II Jagielo granted the Korzuns in 1386 for their loyal service the Moninsk majorat in the Russian territories, in the upper reaches of the Dvina and Berezina rivers.

 

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King Wladyslaw II Jagielo

 

Jeremij Strykienicz Korzun, Governor of Kiev, with the permission of King Wladyslaw Jagielo, sells in 1407 Michalow Samsonowicz Kupstiow land Pustowske in stan Ivanovsky - Rozovskii Settlement, 12 empty "sluzba" in powiat (district) Seversky - Biwiszcze, and at the same time 40 wloka with people, who settled upon them, and 2,5 wloka in Smolensk powiat, provided that he continues military service to "the Kings of Poland and the Russian Grand Dukes (the title of the Polish King after the Union with Lithuania). The Polish wloka is approximately 16 hectares. The Polish word sluzba means peasant house from which the tax is taken.

This sale was witnessed by Hrehory Korzun, the Key Keeper of the Kiev castle.

 

Korzuns participated in the The Sejm (Congress) of the Knights in Horodlo in 1413.

The "Union of Horodlo" was concluded at this Sejm, 3 years after the defeat of the Teutonic Order by Poles/Russians/Tatars/Lithuanians in the battle of Grunwald (German name of the battle the battle of Tannenberg, Lithuanian name of the battle the battle of Zalgiris).

 

Zacharjasz, armoured cavalry captain, received from King Kazimierz Jagiellonczyk "for great services and significant chivalrous works and especially great losses suffered at Varna" new privileges and confirmation of the former. The battle of Varna (1444) is the decisive battle of the last Crusade.

 

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King Kazimierz IV Jagiellonczyk

 

From Zachariasz descended: Michal, ensign; Jan, lieutenant JKM(?), who died in 1734; Symon, ensign JKM(?); Sylwester, cupbearer (czesnik) of Starodub, (deceased?) in 1739. Sylwester owned the Laskowka majorat in Mstislav Voivodeship.

 

Siemien received from King Zygmunt I in 1532 the right to the property of Bronisz together with the Dvorzhishche in the land of Novogrudok, provided that he was obliged to perform military service. Novogrudok the first capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Russian and Samogitian.

 

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King Zygmunt I

 

King Zygmunt II August confirmed this right to the property to Siemion's brother Jurij on 12.08.1551.

 

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King Zygmunt II August

 

Siemion Olelkowicz, Knyaz (Prince) of Slutsk, for loyal and good services granted Stefan and Jan 5 wloka of land in the Kosienicze district in the land of Novogrudok of the Principality of Slutsk in 1578, subject to their military service.

 

Protas, a cavalier (towarzysz, i.e. a common horseman of noble birth) from the hussar regiment, after several years of military service, returned to Kosienicz and demanded his part.

 

Janusz Radziwill, head of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, jointly with the assessor court divided the property, armor and equipment in 1602 with his brother Jesif.

 

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Janusz Radziwill

 

From Jesif descended Jan Korzon, a judge of the Oszmianski district (Powiat oszmianski) (1787).

 

His son Dymitr, landowner of Zubowicze in the district of Slutsk, Grozovsky parish. Grandson Teofil-Leonard abandoned Zubowicze in favor of Koratkiewicz's sister and moved to Minsk. Teofil-Leonard had sons: Konrad, Wladyslaw, Tadeusz and Stefan, daughters: Antonina, married to Konstantin Proszynski, Elzbieta, Juljanna, married to Feliks Kieniewicz.

 

Fedor was a Superintendent of Bridges of Oszmiansk, (1560). Stanislaw signed the election of king Stanislaw Leszczynski in 1733.

 

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King Stanislaw Leszczynski

 

Aleksander, the Huntsman of the land of Dobrzynsk, filed a Manifesto on behalf of Dominik about the burning of family papers and privileges, in particular the right granted from the Radziwills to the Zabolocie majorat in the Novogrudok voivodeship of Kopylsk parish, given to Samuel.

 

Jan, a cavalier of the Pyatigorsk brigade, a Minsk tax collector who lived in Minsk, signed the act as Jan Strykinicz Korzun" in 1792, then, when Kazimierz hr. Zawiscy was elected Deputy to the Empress Catherine II, puts his signature as "Jan Korzon".

 

He had a son, Adam, and a grandson, Taduesz Korzon, a prominent Polish historian, born in Minsk in 1839.

 

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Tadeusz Korzon